Semana de Cultura Tradicional Mexicana: Tonala (PDF workbook) Español

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A 5-day printable PDF workbook for elementary age students about the traditional culture of Tonalá, Jalisco. Available only in Spanish.

Perfect for families, elementary schools, and home school students.

Semana Cultural Tradicional Mexicana: Tonalá

Paquete de estudio (libro imprimible PDF) con actividades y materiales sobre la cultura tradicional mexicana. Perfecto para escuelas, familias, y estudiantes.



Xica Media ofrece un paquete de estudio (libro imprimible PDF) con actividades y materiales sobre la cultura tradicional mexicana de Tonalá, Jalisco. Estas actividades propuestas cumplen con el Nuevo Modelo Educativo, cumpliendo con cada punto pedagógica de los requisitos dentro de los Campos de Formación Académica, Áreas de Desarrollo Personal y Social, y Ámbitos de la Autonomía Curricular.

En este paquete encontraras cuentos locales de Tonalá donde los estudiantes analizan la importancia de los cuentos regionales. También el paquete incluye un escrito breve sobre la matemática y ciencia nahua donde los estudiantes podrán practicar matemáticas con los símbolos nahuas. Practican los idiomas como el español, náhuatl, e inglés. Hay actividades para que conozcan como era la música prehispánica y los instrumentos, así como conocer elementos básicos y físicos de la danza mexica tradicional.

Escrito por Iris Rodriguez y Yacer Ventura

Publicado por Xica Media

© 2018 Xica Media

Todos Derechos Reservados / All Rights Reserved

Ayoyotes On The Ground: A short film by Laura Varela

An interview with San Antonio filmmaker Laura Varela 

1.  Name / location / how you identify

Laura Varela, San Antonio, Texas Yanaguana via El Paso, TX.  Xicana.

2.  Why did you feel compelled to witness and document this event?

I wanted to support the Water Protectors in Standing Rock and I just wanted to do something anything.  This is when people were just starting to come out, before winter, before the assaults by the Morton County Sheriff and private security attacks on people praying.  I was compelled to go because of the location to make sure I could be of service somehow even if it just meant documenting.

3.  Why was it an historic moment (and location) for our Texas community?

Being from Texas the Alamo has a different meaning if you are Mexican American or Indigenous; this Danza group was going to do ceremony in front of the Alamo.  I knew it was historic for both those reasons.

San Antonio is going through a rebirth right now of young people reconnecting with their indigenous roots.  Also many Mexican Americans are working to decolonize their minds, diets and ways of life.  Part of that decolonizing process is opposing systems and structures that do not protect mother earth, the water and our families.  I just wanted to make sure that that event was documented and wanted to share it with the world.

Excerpt from video:

In solidarity with the Water Protectors in North Dakota, in September 2016, Kalpulli Ameyaltonal Tejaztlan and other Danza groups in the United States all dedicated a day of ceremony called Ayoyotes on the Ground. Many ceremonies were held in different cities as well as Standing Rock. The ceremonial Danza and prayer was dedicated to the people of the Standing Rock Reservation and for all those working to protect Mother Earth. This particular historic gathering in San Antonio was held in front of the Alamo; which was originally Mission San Antonio de Valero and built by indigenous labor. Yanaguana is the indigenous name of San Antonio, it means place of clear waters; it had always been a gathering place for the indigenous populations for thousands of years.

Special Thanks to Laura Rios Ramirez, Delia Enriquez, Maribel Hermosillo, and Kalpulli Ameyaltonal Tejaztlan

Indigenous Existance is Resistance in Texas: Yanaguana Indigenous People’s Week

By Iris Rodriguez

Recently in Texas, the Yanaguana Indigenous People’s Week was announced, a calendar of events celebrating indigenous roots across the territory.  This is historic, given the history indigenous peoples in Texas.  Six nations have imposed their flag upon the territory, which is part of an ancestral intercontinental trade route that lead to enchanted forests and sacred peyote medicine gardens that existed long before borders were erected.

Texas peoples were devastated by European diseases shortly after Spanish arrival in Mexico, later missionized by the Spanish in two separate periods (1519–1685; 1690–1821), occupied by France (1685–1690), then Mexico (1821–1836), followed by the Republic of Texas (1836–1845), the Confederate States of America (1861–1865), and lastly the United States of America (1845–1861; 1865–present).[1]

For a millennia parts of the Texas territory were considered holy lands by peoples from across the continent.  Yet Texas is also a birthplace of Monsanto and Agent Orange, the home of fracking, and the base of the petrochem industry.  This is not coincidence – and it’s ties to indigenous history (and subsequent ursurption of land/culture and exploitation of said bodies) cannot be ignored.  Natives have been outlawed for expulsion and or death since 1838 and Indian Removal programs continue through today masked as anti-immigrant legislation (SB4).  We remain under attack at many levels physically and culturally in many ways (including, but not limited to) the proliferation of colonial perspectives via “Texas Edition” history textbooks, celebration of colonial and Confederate personalities, native mascots for sports teams, the desecration of our sacred sites, lack of tribal recognition, and the attack against women’s healthcare (in particular, low-income women and WOC).

The ongoing war on brown wombs, minds, and bodies has gone for hundreds of years, with its vernacular becoming more refined in each generation – yet somehow we remain.  Some still remember family names and life ways and others of us have been born into a geographical and cultural borderland that doesn’t offer most of us tribal ID cards or equal treatment, much less our native tongues and histories.  Many families now have a lineage of serving as soldiers, especially with all branches of the military establishing headquarters and bases in San Antonio.  They have many names for us such as mestizo, Hispanic, and Latinx – all which imply cultural and blood quantum politics to disconnect us from our historical memory and and justify (via self identity labels) the ongoing occupation and desecration of our ancestral homelands.  There have been moments in history when our peoples began to call themselves Mexican to avoid being identified as Indian.

For many of us it is a difficult journey to decolonize and re-member who we are as a people.  The English and the Spanish are always emphasized, linguistically and culturally.  To some, we are immigrants because of our ties to present-day Mexico; to others we are cultural sell-outs because we don’t speak Spanish or know the names of the tribes we come from;  and to others we still have a seat at the sacred fireplace because of our ancestral relationship with the peyote medicine.  Somehow through it all we continue to exist – and resist.  People are coming together and prayer dances are spreading like fire across the territory as we reconnect ourselves to our relatives and identities.  Our front lines are vast and extend from the city barrio to the resistance camps along the pipelines.

Last year, an historic march was held against the Dos Republicas mine in Eagle Pass, Texas.  It united and evoked the presence of hundreds of indigenous peoples and communities and affirmed a quiet yet growing sentiment of individual/collective action to re-member and re-root ourselves into the land as a part of our journey to “wake up,” decolonize, and stand with our indigenous relatives in existence and resistance.  This year, the Yanaguana Indigenous People’s Week was announced by the Texas Peace and Dignity Journeys Committee in an event list meant to “keep our people informed of the diverse efforts to exert our existence and resistance through education, art, advocacy and protest.”

Community organizer, educator and danzante Madelein Santibanez shared these words about the event:

As Indigenous people we recognize the importance of walking on the path of justice, living in balance with our environment, honoring all our relations, and remembering our stolen history. But our mere presence is complicated by its fraught relationality to the persistence of settler colonialism, which always threatens to reappropriate, assimilate, consume and repress Indigenous identity and spirituality. They claimed victories over our bodies and continue to exploit our mother earth, but we continue to create, educate, organize, pray, love and survive.

The Yanaguana Indigenous Peoples Week of Events is a collective process and  undertaking that expresses the historical and ongoing Indigenous resistance and resurgence that many of our ancestors, spiritual elders and community leaders like Susana Almanza and Raul Salinas (may he rest in power) began generations ago.

As we present one calendar for all events happening throughout Yanaguana- acknowledging the traditional territories spanning from Austin, San Marcos and San Antonio, TX- we give thanks to the guardians of these lands and all those who came before us that paved the way for us to be here and assert our human rights.  Our indigenous existence is our resistance.

Yanawana in the Carrizo language “place where I rest my head” -acknowledging traditional territory spanning Austin, San Marcos and San Antonio, TX – we present one calendar for all events ❤️💪🏾#traditionalterritories

Defend the Sacred Rio Grande from the Dos Republicas Coal Mine
· Hosted by Equilibrio Norte and ATXEJ – Austin Environmental Justice Team

Finding Sanctuary in the Borderlands Conference Symposium
· Hosted by Center for Women in Church and Society at Our Lady of the Lake University

Indigenous People’s Community Day
· Hosted by Yasmeen Dávila and 6 others

1st Official Indigenous People’s Day Austin, come celebrate!
· Hosted by Equilibrio Norte and ATXEJ – Austin Environmental Justice Team

Re~membering Sacred Offerings for Abya Yala (the Americas)
· Hosted by AP Art Lab

2017 Sacred Springs Powwow
· Hosted by Sacred Springs Powwow and Indigenous Cultures Institute

OCT 15
Yanaguana Eastside Barrio Run
. Hosted by Texas PDJ

Madelein Santibanez is community organizer, educator and danzante born and raised on the Eastside of San Antonio. Her Indigenous background is rooted in the Pure’pecha and Mexica traditions. Through In Xochitl In Cuicatl (Song & Dance), she preserves an ancient tradition of prayer and storytelling.  She works with the Martinez Street Women’s CenterKalpulli Ameyaltonal TejaztlanTexas Peace and Dignity JourneysWarrior RootsSociety of Native Nations Youth Council, and is on the Board of Directors for the Southwest Workers Union.

Environmental crisis looms over Houston via chemical & oil industries after Hurricane Harvey

Photo by Bryan Parras

From the flooded streets of Houston, longtime community warrior Bryan Parras of TEJAS (Texas Environmental Justice Advocacy Services) has been on the ground in his city documenting the damage caused by hurricane Harvey.  Through live feeds he and the TEJAS family have been keeping a careful eye on the hurricane’s impact in the community and in particular communities already dealing with contamination and environmental justice issues, most of which are communities of color.   These extra circumstances of “multiple marginality,” such as being undocumented or being from a low-income neighborhood already experiencing contamination, add extra layers of crisis to an already devastating situation in which people facing life and death can’t escape and ask for help, much less ask corporate companies already violating human rights to take extra measures of precaution during a natural disaster.

Below are a few clips that detail what is happening on the ground in these neighborhoods:

  • Interviews with Democracy Now and the environmental crisis unfolding in Houston
  • A live taping of the Nuestra Palabra show discussing the situation around Hurricane Harvey
  • A live toxic tour around Houston that was broadcasted on FB live during the first days of Hurricane Harvey’s arrival

If you would like to support the critically important work that Bryan and the TEJAS family are doing, please donate to them here:






Calling water protectors and danzantes: Stop the Trans-Pecos pipeline in West Texas

A call for water protectors and danzantes to stop the Trans-Pecos Pipeline in West Texas.

Via Jefe Jose Garza of the tradición of danza Azteca (Texas/New Mexico) and Madeleine Santibañez of San Antonio, Texas

Jefe Jose Garza:  “Good afternoon, we are here at the Two Rivers camp this afternoon outside of Marfa, Texas. We’d just like to invite everybody to come join us. We are here to fight the Trans-Pecos pipeline. We’ve got this black snake on hold since Cannonball and we need some help.

“We need water protectors and anyone that understands the dangers that are presented by this pipeline. To take a minute to pray with us. To work with us to put an end to this pipeline and all the pipelines, that are not needed. Thank you.”

Madeleine Santibañez: “This is a call out for any people of this land that have the opportunity to come out here and do some prayers or direct action directly on the pipeline, we’d love for you to come out.

“This is a call out for Ayoyotes on the Ground.  It’s about time that we come together as a people rising up and regaining that knowledge that this land teaches us and the sacred elements. So I invite everyone, if you can, come out here and put your boots on the ground and ayoyotes on the ground and help us stop this pipeline.”

Jefe Jose Garza:  “Estamos llamando a toda la Danza Azteca que se unen para este resto y que nos ayuden a parar esta línea. Espera nuestra llamada.  Tlazocamati.”

Translation: We are calling all the Danza Azteca to unite for this prayer and help us stop this [pipe]line.  Await our call.  Thank you.”

To learn more:

Related video via Deceleration:


Texas Water Protectors Shut Down Trans-Pecos Pipeline (Video)

As originally posted on Deceleration
By Greg Harman

Dozens of self-described water protectors flooded a construction site in Far West Texas this morning, shutting down construction on a high-pressure natural gas pipeline for more than two hours.

Members of the Society of Native Nations and Big Bend Defense Coalition, two of several groups fighting the construction of the Trans-Pecos Pipeline, chained themselves beneath an excavator while others ran deeper into the easement and occupied sections of the disjointed pipeline itself.

The event represents yet another escalation in a two-years-long-running struggle that has moved from local coalitions fighting state and federal regulators, regional land owners resisting eminent-domain property seizures in the courts, and, most recently, increasingly indigenous-led direct actions intended to more directly interrupt pipeline construction. In recent weeks, several native-run camps have been established in several area counties, including Presidio, Brewster, and Reeves.

Owned by Dallas-based Energy Transfer Partners, the primary force behind the Dakota Access Pipeline being resisted by the Standing Rock Sioux and native and non-native allies from around the world, the 42-inch Tran-Pecos Pipeline is intended to transport fracked gas 148 miles from outside Fort Stockton, Texas, and beneath the Rio Grande, to join an expanding network of natural gas infrastructure in Northern Mexico.

Mexico’s Department of Energy’s five-year plan for energy reform projects (2015-2019) has focused on the enhancement and expansion of natural gas infrastructure across the country, including feeding U.S. resources into a network of existing pipelines in Northern Mexico. New lines in the states of Chihuahua, bordering Far West Texas, and Tamaulipas, which run alongside South Texas, and Nueva Leon, are expected to be finished in the next three year, according to the plan.

Through these new lines, the Mexican government hopes to triple the amount of natural gas it imports from the United States in that time. Natural gas imports from the United States to Mexico have doubled just since 2009, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Major document dump reveals agrochem industry’s MeXicanx roots

Last week the MTX Files, a sister site of Xica Nation, released hundreds of previously confidential/unpublished multimedia to the site, revealing a chronicle of the events surrounding the chemical contamination in Mission, Texas.

Mission, Texas is a birthplace of Monsanto Ag and for decades produced 9 of the 12 most hazardous contaminants known to man, known as the “Dirty Dozen,” which were outlawed by the United Nations in 2001.  Mission is also the birthplace of Agent Orange.

Video from American Orange

The archive contains documents produced between 1949 and 2008, including:

The publication of these documents were intended to document, digitize, and disseminate the story of Mission and the longstanding, intergenerational contamination of Mexican/Mexican American people in the U.S.

We remember the public chemical baths in El Paso in the same era, done to folks crossing the border every day to work.  Now let us also remember that Monsanto, the agrochemical industry, and “science” around the human impacts of chemical exposure were quietly born in a MeXicanx barrio in deep South Texas.

Decades-long silence/secrecy by government agencies has hidden this story from public view for far too long.  The people have a right to know.

Solidarity with Standing Rock: Front line video of police attack on Sat 10/22/16

Attack by police at Standing Rock, Saturday, Oct 22, 2016.

The following videos are from the front lines at Standing Rock, North Dakota where people in prayer were surrounded and attacked by police on Saturday, October 22, 2016.

As reported previously on Xica Nation, the Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL) is a threat to all people and the native children of Cemanahuac / Turtle Island.  The water protectors at the at the Standing Rock reservation are the ones leading the way to protect our vital resources.  The money trail behind the project extends far beyond North Dakota, from Donald Trump all the way down to Texas, where Kelsey Warren, head of Energy Transfer Partners, the company behind DAPL, was appointed to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission in 2015 by Gov. Greg Abbott.  As it turns out, the DAPL is one of many catastrophic pipelines planned to gut, contaminate, and control earth resources, with the controversial Trans Pecos Pipeline also being constructed.

Today in Standing Rock, human rights and treaties were once again violated as police attacked water protectors with force and violence, using army tactics and led by the wasichu henchmen of Morton County Sheriff’s department and others who recently heeded an extra-judicial call by the sheriff for an armed mob of officers (from outside the jurisdiction) to come to Standing Rock to raise an army against the prayer camp.

There were reports of fire hoses spraying pepper spray on people:

Via Andrew Ironshell:

“daughter just called and said one of the members of their youth council got their hand busted by morton county officers using batons on youth and women and that they have a ‘fire hose’ spewing tear gas at them. this is happening now, she called me five minutes ago. – they are struggling to capture a signal but are working on getting it out live to the public”

The following feeds were able to go public as the communication signals became scrambled:

“Before the attack by police”:

“Before during and after attack by police”:

“During attack”:

SPECIAL THANK YOU TO Wiyaka Eagleman, Indigenous Life MovementAtsa E’sha HofererAshley Melton, and Bucky Harjo for your service as digital warriors!  The world is watching!!!

NOTE: To save the videos, click “play” then “stop.”  Right-click, then select “Save as…”

#WaterIsLife #MniWiconi #StandingRock

#AyoyotesOnTheGround evokes sacred drum beats across the U.S. and Mexico against the Dakota Access Pipeline

Images from the Segunda Llamada of #AyoyotesOnTheGround at the Sacred Stone Camp. Image by E'Sha Hoferer.
Images from the Segunda Llamada of #AyoyotesOnTheGround at the Sacred Stone Camp. Image by E’Sha Hoferer.

The call to defend Mother Earth and her waters at the spiritual resistance camps near the Standing Rock Reservation has sparked a spiritual movement throughout the broader Mexicanx Xicanx community on both sides of the border.

Recently, a moving video documenting the arrival of danzantes at the Sacred Stone Camp went viral, a video which served as a reminder that we as Mexicanx-origin peoples had both a place and responsibility with this spiritual resistance.  A call to prayer and action was then made for all danzantes to offer their sacred dances to this prayer, featuring the hashtag #AyoyotesOnTheGround.

The vision for #AyoyotesOnTheGround was for “the heartbeats of our sacred huehuetls and the sounds of our ayoyotes to move across the territories we occupy, in unison.”  There were several cities offering prayers at the same date and time that danzantes at the Sacred Stone Camp would be offering their danzas.

Here are a few images from the event by Mayahuel Garza of Albuquerque, New Mexico who helped organize the event:

One of the cities present for the first Ayoyotes on the Ground solidarity danza on September 10th was San Antonio.  Here are two short clips via Laura Rios Ramirez and Greg Harman:

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Part of the #AyoyotesOnTheGround call to action included a call for donations and supplies.

Jefes of the Danza Conchera in the U.S.,  Helga and Jose Garza, helped organize the event and donation drives.

“On Sept. 10, 2016, Ayoyotes on the Ground was blessed to pray, dance and sing with the Water Protectors at Standing Rock. We were also able to deliver over 1200lbs of food and supplies including, over 600 lbs of fresh  vegtabales. We hope to make another supply run and Danza Ceremonia, to once again unite our prayers with those of the Protectors and their  Supporters.
On this trip we would like to take blankets, tarps, coats and other winter supplies.
Thanking you in advance for your support.
!Tlazocamati!! !In Teotl!!!”

– Via Helga Jose Garza

There is currently a call for blankets and other items here:

Call for FireWood for the Water Protectors:

UPDATE: More #AyoyotesOnTheGround t-shirts will be available for online sale soon!

The “Segunda Llamada” of #AyoyotesOnTheGround was held this past Saturday, October 8th.  Prayers in were offered at the Sacred Stone Camp, Jalisco, Mexico, Montgomery, Texas, and the Sacred Springs Pow Wow in San Marcos, Texas.

Here are videos taken by E’Sha Hoferer of the danza at the Sacred Stone Camp:

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Here are a few images from the cities that participated:

As we head into fall and winter, state repression at the prayer camp by police armed in full military weaponry is increasing.   Your prayers and sacred dances are being solicited in defense of the water and Mother Earth, and against the Dakota Access Pipeline.

To learn more about the international call to prayer and action to protect the water, please visit the following links: