The stone engraving commonly referred to as the “Aztec calendar” was developed over generations in ancient Mexico. It has been attributed to the Mexica but is considered Anahuaca Tolteca. It is said that the agricultural, cosmic, energetic, philosophical, mathematical, medical, and spiritual information embedded in the Huei Cuauhxicalli Iixiptla (Great bowl of the solar eagle: the sun, its representative) took 260 years to document and two years to carve into rock.
The ancestors found that human beings had collective and individual cycles; they discovered these phenomenons at every level of perception (stars, sky, earth, nature, self) and documented them in their sacred books/codices (Amoxtli), sacred objects, and sacred sites. This stone was created to help us define our purpose as human beings on the planet through citing the cycles of nature while looking at ourselves and our own cycles within natural law.
The ancestors found that our human cycles repeated within the seasons and/or the movements of the stars in the Milky Way galaxy. By being conscious of these corresponding cycles, they created a glyph system to help us decipher our individual and collective time and place. It provides us a personal and cosmic consciousness that has no start and no end. It is also a map that looks at environmental cycles and the moment in the count of time that one is born.
The ancestors believed we were a reflection of the cosmos and documented time in cycles. The cycle of nature contains 365.25 days and is based on the sun. The cycle of human beings is 260 days, based on the moon, and is considered a ceremonial and ritual cycle. There are 20 day signs with definitions and descriptions that apply to phenomenons at many levels of nature, including our internal psyche. They have an order and each one influences every level of life – from the natural world to the environment around us to our feelings or even physiological medical diagnoses.
This stone and the information it contains has been demonized, buried, and misunderstood for hundreds of years. The fusion of bodies of knowledge that it encapsulates brought fear to the Europeans during the invasion of Cemanahuac and the Americas, who saw the world through a Western paradigm that separates things – people, land, information, etc. The comprehensive knowledge of life in macro and micro, physical, spiritual, and energetic brought fear to the invaders, who attempted to destroy, burn, bury, and kill it out of the people. By demonizing the ancestral knowledge, the Spanish were able to get additional funding to by the Catholic Church to continue their pillage.
In the generations since, many brave investigators have faced death in keeping and deciphering the ancient cycles and information in this stone. It is because of their sacrifice that we can share this little bit of knowledge today. Tlazocamati.
About the memory game
On one side of the card is one of the 20 day signs. Each card contains the name of the sign in Nahuatl, Spanish, and English.
Print memory card pages 5-12 on heavy-weight paper, double-sided. Cut memory cards.
Glyph images are from the Codex Borgia (Lacambalam, 2002.)
A special thank you goes to Maestro Arturo Meza, Dra. Ma del Rosario Gonzalez Lopez,
Maestro Tlakati, Maestra Teresa Cabrera Sanchez, y Maestra Liliana Ambriz.
Introduction and design by Iris Rodriguez.
For additional information
To further understand the meanings of each symbol, it is strongly recommended to connect with respected elders who follow the Mexicayotl. Interpretations are like recipes, they may vary from person to person. Using a journal to document reflections of the days signs and their natural energies and manifestations is suggested.
Also available: Totonaltzin 2018 (Agenda & Manual): Our Sacred Birth Energy, Xihuitl (Year) Chicoace Tochtli
by Identidad de Anahuac, Guadalajara, Mexico. Link: https://xicanation.com/product/totonaltzin-2018/
The Totonaltzin 2018 (available only in Spanish) is a functional daily planner with plenty of room for notes and contact information that also contains the traditional day count. The manual contains detailed descriptions of the corresponding numerals, year signs, day signs, trecenas, months (meztli), and other critical ancestral knowledge of our individual and collective time and place.